Diabetes is a disease that affects your blood sugar levels. Blood sugar comes from the food you eat and is your body’s primary source of energy.
The hormone insulin is responsible for regulating your blood sugar. When you have diabetes, your body either doesn’t produce insulin, or it doesn’t use the insulin it produces. If left untreated, diabetes can lead to more severe health concerns.
There are several types of diabetes, the most common are:
Type 1 diabetes typically occurs in children and is usually hereditary. With type 1 diabetes, your body doesn’t make insulin — sometimes the result of a disease in the pancreas, an infection, or illness — so you need daily insulin shots.
Type 2 diabetes is the most common form and typically occurs in middle-aged or older adults. The leading cause of type 2 diabetes is obesity. Additional causes include age, sedentary lifestyle, ethnicity, and other health factors.
Some women develop diabetes while pregnant, but it usually goes away after pregnancy. Your chances of developing type 2 diabetes in the future are higher if you’ve had gestational diabetes.
Diabetes often doesn’t show symptoms, so if you think you may be at risk, it’s important to see a medical professional for a comprehensive exam. Symptoms of type 1 and type 2 diabetes are similar but can be more severe and sudden in people with type 1.
Common symptoms of diabetes include:
During a comprehensive physical exam, your doctor discusses your family history and may recommend additional testing, which might include a fasting plasma glucose test, an oral glucose test, or a random plasma glucose test.
The physicians at Patel, Pulliam, and Hubli Medical work with diabetic and prediabetic patients in a variety of ways to manage their diabetes symptoms. The available treatments include counseling on optimal medication use, education on insulin use, nutritional guidelines, and weight management strategies.
Call Patel, Pulliam, and Hubli Medical or schedule your appointment online today.
Feel free to email us regarding any scheduling or general questions!