Heart Disease

Heart Disease
Heart disease is the leading cause of death in the United States, so it’s important to learn your risks. The dedicated physicians at Patel, Pulliam, and Hubli Medical in Tracy, California, can evaluate your heart health and offer guidance to reduce your chances of developing heart-related diseases in the future. Call today or schedule an appointment online to learn more.

Heart Disease Q & A

Patel, Pulliam & Hubli Medical

What is heart disease?

Heart disease, or cardiovascular disease, describes a variety of conditions that affect your heart. Most often, it refers to narrowed or blocked blood vessels that can lead to stroke, heart attack, or chest pain. Additional heart diseases include:

  • Arrhythmias
  • Congenital heart defects
  • Coronary artery disease
  • Conditions that affect your heart’s valves, rhythm, or muscle

What are the symptoms of heart disease?

Heart disease symptoms vary depending on your gender and the specific condition. Common signs that you’re at risk of heart attack, stroke, or heart failure include:

  • Shortness of breath
  • Pain in the jaw, neck, and throat
  • Tightness in the chest or chest pain, pressure, or discomfort
  • Numbness, pain, or weakness in your legs or arms
  • Pain in your upper abdomen or back
  • Nausea and extreme fatigue (especially in women)

Other forms of heart disease, like arrhythmias, heart failure, and heart valve problems, have different symptoms, including:

  • Dizziness, lightheadedness, or fainting
  • Shortness of breath during activity
  • Fluttering, racing, or slow heartbeat
  • Swelling of hands, ankles, legs, feet, or abdomen
  • Bluish or grayish skin coloring
  • Fever or skin rashes
  • A persistent or dry cough

What causes heart disease?

Heart disease can have numerous contributing factors including:

Artery damage

Heart disease related to heart attack, stroke, and chest pain begins with damage to the lining and inner layers of the heart arteries. Lifestyle factors like smoking, poor diet, and high cholesterol can contribute to this damage.


If you’re diabetic, your risk of developing heart disease is higher because high blood sugar can damage heart nerves and blood vessels.

High cholesterol

If you have high cholesterol, fatty deposits can build up in your blood, disrupting its flow through your arteries. A lack of oxygen-rich blood to the heart can lead to heart attack. Medication and heart-healthy diets and exercise can help manage high cholesterol.


Men and women are both at risk of developing hypertension, or high blood pressure. Lifestyle management solutions like diet, exercise, weight management, and smoking cessation reduce your chances of developing hypertension.

Congenital malformations, genetics, and the heart's electrical systems can cause other types of heart disease.

How is heart disease diagnosed?

The caring physicians at Patel, Pulliam, and Hubli Medical work closely with you to evaluate your symptoms. If necessary, they can refer you to the cardiologist or specialist who's most capable of caring for you and your health condition.

During your appointment, your doctor performs a comprehensive physical exam, takes your full medical history, administers blood tests, and does an EKG (chest X-ray). They may also recommend additional tests if needed.

How is heart disease treated?

A heart disease diagnosis is a lifelong condition, but you're not alone. The physicians at Patel, Pulliam, and Hubli Medical work closely with you to manage your condition with an approach customized to your specific needs.

Your doctor helps you make specific lifestyle adjustments, including developing a diet plan, creating an exercise routine, monitoring your blood pressure, and implementing stress reduction techniques. If you have or are at risk of diabetes, your physician helps you manage your weight, blood sugar, and any medications.

They can also aid you with a smoking cessation plan or refer you to a cardiologist or other specialist if needed.

Call today or schedule an appointment online to learn more.

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